Tor onion site
By Philipp Winter, Annie Edmundson, Laura Roberts, Agnieskza Dutkowska-Żuk, Marshini Chetty, and Nick FeamsterWant to find US military drone data leaks online? Frolick in a fraudster’s paradise for орион people’s personal information? Or crawl through the criminal underbelly of the Internet? These are the images that come to most when they think of the dark web and a quick google search for “dark web” will yield many stories like these. Yet, far less is said about how the dark web can actually enhance user privacy or overcome censorship by enabling anonymous browsing through Tor. Recently, for example, Brave, dedicated to protecting user privacy, integrated Tor support to help users surf the web anonymously from a regular browser. This raises questions such as: is the dark web for illicit content and dealings only? Can it really be useful for day-to-day web privacy protection? And how easy is it to use anonymous browsing and dark web or “onion” sites in the first place?To answer some of these pressing questions, we studied how Tor users use onion services. Our work will be presented at the upcoming USENIX Security conference in Baltimore next month and you can read the full paper here or the TLDR version here.What are onion services?: Onion services were created by the Tor project in 2004. They not only offer privacy protection for individuals browsing the web but also allow web servers, and thus websites themselves, to be anonymous. This means that any “onion site” or dark web site cannot be physically traced to identify those running the site or where the site is hosted. Onion services differ from conventional web services in four ways. First, they can only be accessed over the Tor network. Second, onion domains, (akin to URLs for the regular web), are hashes over their public key and consist of a string of letters and numbers, which make them long, complicated, and difficult to remember. These domains sometimes contain prefixes that are human-readable but they are expensive to generate (e.g. torprojectqyqhjn.onion). We refer to these as vanity domains. Third, the network path between the client and the onion service is typically longer, meaning slower performance owing to longer latencies. Finally, onion services are private by default, meaning that to find and use an onion site, a user has to know the onion domain, presumably by finding this information organically, rather than with a search engine.What did we do to investigate how Tor users make use of onion services?: We conducted a large scale survey of 517 Tor users and interviewed 17 Tor users in depth to determine how users perceive, use, and manage onion services and what challenges they face in using these services. We asked our participants about how they used Tor’s onion services and how they managed onion domains. In addition, we asked users about their expectations of privacy and their privacy and security concerns when using onion services. To compliment our qualitative data, we analyzed “leaked” DNS lookups to onion domains, as seen from a DNS root server. This data gave us insights into actual usage patterns to corroborate some of the findings from the interviews and surveys. Our final sample of participants were young, highly educated, and comprised of journalists, whistleblowers, everyday users wanting to protect their privacy to those doing competitive research on others and wanting to avoid being “outed”. Other participants included activists and those who wanted to avoid government detection for fear of persecution or worse.What were the main findings? First, unsurprisingly, onion services were mostly used for anonymity and security reasons. For instance, 71% of survey respondents reported using onion services to protect their identity online. Almost two thirds of the survey respondents reported using onion services for non-browsing activities such as TorChat, a secure messaging app built on top of onion services. 45% of survey participants had other reasons for using Tor such as to help educate users about the dark web or for their personal blogs. Only 27% of survey respondents reported using onion services to explore the dark web and its content “out of curiosity”.Second, users had a difficult time finding, tracking, and saving onion links. Finding links: Almost half of our survey respondents discovered onion links through social media such as Twitter or Reddit or by randomly encountering links while browsing the regular web. Fewer survey respondents discovered links through friends and family. Challenges users mentioned for finding onion services included:Onion sites frequently change addresses and so often onion domain aggregators have broken and out of date links.Unlike traditional URLS, onion links give no indication of the content of the website so it is difficult to avoid potentially offensive or illicit content.Again, unlike traditional URLS, participants said it is hard to determine through a glance at the address bar if a site is the authentic one you are trying to reach instead of a phishing site.A frequent wish expressed by participants was for a better search engine that is more up to date and gives an indication of the content before one clicks on the link as well as authenticity of the site itself.Tracking and Saving links: To track and save complicated onion domains, many participants opted to bookmark links but some did not want to leave a trace of websites they visited on their machines. The majority of other survey respondents had ad-hoc measures to deal with onion links. Some memorized a few links and did so to protect privacy by not writing the links down. However, this was only possible for a few vanity domains in most cases. Others just navigated to the places where they found the links in the first place and used the links from there to open the websites they needed.Third, onion domains are also hard to verify as authentic. Vanity domains: Users appreciated vanity domains where onion services operators have taken extra effort and expense to set up a domain that is almost readable such as the case of Facebook’s onion site, facebookcorewwwi.onion. Many participants liked the fact that vanity domains give more indication of the content of the domain. However, our participants also felt vanity domains could lead to more phishing attacks since people would not try to verify the entire onion domain but only the readable prefix. “We also get false expectations of security from such domains. Somebody can generate another onion key with same facebookcorewwwi address. It’s hard but may be possible. People who believe in uniqueness of generated characters, will be caught and impersonated.” – Participant S494Verification Strategies: Our participants had a variety of strategies such as cutting and pasting links, using bookmarks, or verifying the address in the address bar to check the authenticity of a website. Some checked for a valid HTTPS certificate or familiar images in the website. However, a over a quarter of our survey respondents reported that they could not tell if a site was authentic (28%) and 10% did not even check for authenticity at all. Some lamented this is innate to the design of onion services and that there is not real way to tell if an onion service is authentic epitomized by a quote from Participant P1: “I wouldn’t know how to do that, no. Isn’t that the whole point of onion services? That people can run anonymous things without being able to find out who owns and operates them?”Fourth, onion lookups suggest typos or phishing. In our DNS dataset, we found similarities between frequently visited popular onion sites such as Facebook’s onion domain and similar significantly less frequently visited websites, suggesting users were making typos or potentially that phishing sites exist. Of the top 20 onion domains we encountered in our data set, 16 were significantly similar to at least one other onion domain in the data set. More details are available in the paper.What do these findings mean for Tor and onion services? Tor and onion services do have a part to play in helping users to protect their anonymity and privacy for reasons other than those usually associated with a “nefarious” dark web such as support for those overcoming censorship, stalking, and exposing others’ wrong-doing or whistleblowing. However, to better support these uses of Tor and onion services, our users wanted onion service improvements. Desired improvements included more support for Tor in general in browsers, improvement in performance, improved privacy and security, educational resources on how to use Tor and onion services, and finally improved onion services search engines. Our results suggest that to enable more users to make use of onion services, users need:better security indicators to help them understand Tor and onion services are working correctlyautomatic detection of phishing in onion servicesopt in publishing of onion domains to improve search for legitimate and legal contentbetter ways to track and save onion links including privacy preserving onion bookmarking.Future studies to further demystify the dark web are warranted and in our paper we make suggestions for more work to understand the positive aspects of the dark web and how to support privacy protections for everyday users.You can read more about our study and its limitations here (such as the fact our participants were self-selected and may not represent those who do use the dark web for illicit activities for instance) or skim the paper summary.
Tor onion site - Сайт кракен krmp.cc union krmp.cc
the internet.If you’re concerned about privacy and zealous about anonymity, you need to check out the dark web. Yes, some parts of the dark web are populated by none-too-savory characters, but there are also legitimate sites for privacy-conscious people.Instead of having a top level domain like .com, .edu, or .org, dark web sites often end in .onion. Consider this your brief guide to some of the best .onion gems that can be found on the dark web. These sites are some of the first places on the deep web that you should visit.To access .onion, also called ‘tor’ sites, you’ll need to use a darknet, like Tor. Tor, developed by the Navy, is the largest darknet, and its name is actually an acronym for ‘the onion router.’Torproject.org - HomepageIn exchange for that small bit of fancy footwork to access a darknet, you’ll mostly avoid being tracked by ISPs or government entities. If you go one step further to access Tor sites with a secure VPN and additional encryption, you should be able to do an even better job of covering your internet tracks.Warning: Be warned, however, that there’s plenty of dangerous, unregulated activity on the dark web. As you look through it, make sure that you do so carefully.Privacy and anonymity also make this an ideal terrain for illicit activities like buying and selling drugs, weapons, or hiring a hit man. Plenty of cybercriminals who are eager to snatch your data lurk in the shadows of the dark web, so be careful.The last thing you want to do is cruise the dark web, click on a corrupted link, and pick up malware, for example.Now that you properly understand what you’re getting into when you hop on Tor sites, here are some places that may pique your interest.The Hidden Wiki is a great place to begin your search on the dark web. It’s a community-edited wiki full of site indexes that is one of the oldest link directories on the dark web.The Hidden WikiHere, you’ll find all of the essential .onion links to sources and services found on the dark web. Spend some time pouring over articles, guides, or conspiracy theories. You’ll encounter anything from drug marketplaces to financial services and everything in between.Warning: As with all things dark web, exercise caution. Some of those links will lead to dead ends or worse, send you headfirst into scams or other questionable (illegal) activities.There are several spin-off sites with similar names that you should take care to avoid, too.As previously mentioned, Google isn’t well suited for searching the dark web. Instead, use DuckDuckGo, one of the better search engines on the dark web, to find what you’re looking for.DuckDuckGoThis secure, anonymous search engine doesn’t log any of your search activity. But even though DuckDuckGo doesn’t record (or share) your search history or obtain access to your email like Google does, DuckDuckGo is able to consistently provide quick, reliable, and private results.This Tor website is essentially the dark web equivalent of major online forums like Quora or Reddit. When you access it, it may look a bit abandoned, but consider how many people are actually on the dark web, and then you’ll understand the low amount of traffic.Hidden AnswerHere, you can ask and answer a pretty wide variety of topics and get honest answers that would only be shared with the protection offered by the ultimate privacy and anonymity of the dark web.Warning: Expect some creepy, off-the-wall questions like, “Would you cryo-freeze your head after death?” all the way to some pretty suspicious activity.Mostly, expect to see questions and answers about anything from torrenting websites to help hiring a hitman.Yep, you read that right. Facebook has an official .onion mirror site that’s worth a look. Of course, Facebook doesn’t have the best track record when it comes to online privacy, so proceed with care.FacebookUnfortunately, you shouldn’t expect total privacy from Facebook—they can still monitor how you interact with their site through your account, even if you go through the trouble of creating one on the dark web.Using the dark-web version of Facebook will help keep your online activities away from government spies and protect you from censorship.So will a proper VPN like the ones listed below:This database of scientific knowledge contains a vast deposit of millions of documents based on scientific research. Here, you can find 99% of the academic articles produced around the world as the site attempts to liberate information and share it openly.Sci-HubThe hope is that with access to all unbiased publications, we can advance research for cancer cures and the like. Frequent outages have been reported in the past, so the site location has been known to change.Cryptocurrency is, unsurprisingly, the currency of the dark web, and has been for years. Thanks to cryptocurrency’s lack of institutional interference from governments or banks, it’s a match made in heaven.BlockChainBlockchain was one of the earliest sites to launch a darknet site, and also one of the first to sport an HTTPS security certificate for even more security. This version of the site was created to help provide additional security and curtail bitcoin theft.SecureDrop offers safe, secure communication between journalists and news organizations and their sources (mainly whistleblowers taking appropriate precautions), perfect for leaking sensitive information.SecureDropWhen you access the site, you’ll be given a randomly assigned code name to send information to a particular author or editor who then uploads the information using an elaborate system of designated flash drives and computers for further encryption and security.ProtonMail is a Swiss-based encrypted email service that allows you to send completely confidential emails. It is one of the most reliable email clients on the dark web.ProtonMailThey do not keep logs and use automatic end-to-end encryption so that your communication is secure—even ProtonMail staff members can’t see what you send because encryption occurs in the browser.You have to pay for this service, but their security is unparalleled. Many of the largest players in the cryptocurrency space use ProtonMail for their crypto emails.Daniel’s website hosts a list of over 7,000 .onion address, and it’s a great place to find information. Most of the sites are categorized and include information on the links, including whether or not it is online, as well as the last time that it was checked—stuff that can be useful as you begin combing the dark web.DanielIt’s also a handy reference to help keep you safe—the directory labels sites that attempt to steal your information with a conspicuous ‘SCAM’ sidenote. It’s pretty bare-bones and practical, but a really useful link list.ProPublica is an online investigative journalism outlet funded by the Sandler Family. It was the first online publications to win a Pulitzer Prize in 2016 for its on sexual abuse allegations.ProPublicaThe site stands in staunch support of privacy and free speech, opting to operate differently from other news sites.ConclusionThere are plenty of Tor sites on the dark web for you to peruse in added safety and security. For each site listed here, thousands of others may prove to be dangerous, so use caution as you explore these uncharted waters.This list gives you some of the best examples of open-source information that will introduce you to the dark web and help you access it with reasonable care.Use these sites to scratch the surface of what the anonymity of the dark web affords you. Whether it’s accessing impartial data, sending anonymous content, or just curiosity, there’s plenty to explore on the dark web.FAQWhat is the Dark Web?The Dark Web, known as Darknet also, consists in multiple websites on an encrypted network with hidden IP addresses.Is Tor a VPN?No, Tor browser is not a VPN. Although, they are two different technologies, they both can protect your privacy online and maximize your security online.Is using Tor illegal?No, not in the United States. In fact the Tor foundation receives money from the US government to keep it operations. Tor is essencial for getting information out of despotic regiemes around the world that try to control the internet within thier country.Is Tor over VPN safe?Yes, Tor over VPN is completely safe. There are several ways to go getting it and all are safe. We detail everything about Tor over VPN, including how to set it up in our write up.